The foundation of the Emergency Management Performance Grant (EMPG) Program was established in 1969 with the enactment of Public Law 91-79, which authorized the President to provide grants to states for the development of disaster relief plans and the development of emergency management agencies. The 1969 law, which was set to expire one-year after enactment, was made permanent through the Disaster Relief Act of 1970. It remains is the only federal preparedness funding opportunity with a mandate that states offer sub grants to local emergency management agencies.
Today, the EMPG is authorized by the Post Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act, as amended, the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended, the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977, as amended, and the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended. The program requires a 50% match from state and local governments.
Title VI of the Stafford Act authorizes FEMA to make grants for the purpose of providing a system of emergency preparedness for the protection of life and property in the United States from hazards and to vest responsibility for emergency preparedness jointly in the Federal Government, States, and their political subdivisions. The Federal Government, through the EMPG Program, provides necessary direction, coordination, and guidance, and provides necessary assistance, as authorized in this title, to support a comprehensive all hazards emergency preparedness system.
The EMPG Program supports a comprehensive, all-hazard emergency preparedness system by funding activities that build and sustain the core capabilities contained in the National Preparedness Goal (NPG) including, but not limited to:
- Completing the Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) process;
- Strengthening a state or community’s emergency management governance structures;
- Updating and approving specific emergency plans;
Designing and conducting exercises that enable whole community
stakeholders to examine and validate core capabilities and the plans needed to
deliver them to the targets identified through the THIRA;
- Targeting training and verifying identified capabilities; and
- Initiating or achieving a whole community approach to security and