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hmap: mitigating potential losses

 
bParati Hazard Mitigation Grant Program Org Chart

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FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages. Currently, FEMA administers the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), the Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program, and the Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program.

HMGP

The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides grants to States and local governments to implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after a major disaster declaration. Authorized under Section 404 of the Stafford Act and administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, HMGP was created to reduce the loss of life and property due to natural disasters. 

The program enables mitigation measures to be implemented during the immediate recovery from a disaster and is activated when the president declares a disaster. The amount of dollars available for mitigation equals 15 percent of the amount FEMA spends to assist disaster survivors and communities in the recovery process. Under HMGP, federal funds pay for 75 percent of the project cost with 25 percent coming from non-federal sources. 

PDM

The Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program (PDM) is authorized by the Stafford Act, 42 U.S.C. 5133. PDM is designed to assist States, territories, federally-recognized tribes, and local communities to implement a sustained pre-disaster natural hazard mitigation program to reduce overall risk to the population and structures from future hazard events, while also reducing reliance on Federal funding in future disasters.

FMA

The Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program is authorized by the National Flood Insurance Act (NFIA) of 1968, as amended, with the goal of reducing or eliminating claims under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). 

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