the bParati white house timeline takes you on a journey of the executive orders and presidential policy directives that have helped determine how we prepare and respond to health emergencies and disasters today
Presidential Policy Directive 8/PPD-8 introduced the "whole community" approach, and directed the Secretary of Homeland Security to, "direct the development of a national preparedness goal that identifies the core capabilities necessary for preparedness and a national preparedness system to guide activities that will enable the Nation to achieve the goal. The system will allow the Nation to track the progress of our ability to build and improve the capabilities necessary to prevent, protect against, mitigate the effects of, respond to, and recover from those threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the Nation. The Directive also defined the terms: National Preparedness, Security, Resilience, Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery
The Strategy state, "[t]he United States must renew its leadership in the world by building and cultivating the sources of our strength and influence. Our national security depends upon America’s ability to leverage our unique national attributes, just as global security depends upon strong and responsible American leadership. That includes our military might, economic competitiveness, moral leadership, global engagement, and efforts to shape an international system that serves the mutual interests of nations and peoples. For the world has changed at an extraordinary pace, and the United States must adapt to advance our interests and sustain our leadership."
Executive Order 13527 states that it is the policy of the United States to plan and prepare for the timely provision of medical countermeasures to the American people in the event of a biological attack in the United States through a rapid Federal response in coordination with State, local, territorial, and tribal governments. The policy seeks to: (1) mitigate illness and prevent death; (2) sustain critical infrastructure; and (3) complement and supplement State, local, territorial, and tribal government medical countermeasure distribution capacity.
The strategy states, "[t]he National Strategy for Countering Biological Threats (Strategy), we will encourage the alignment of global attitudes against the intentional misuse of the life sciences or derivative materials, techniques, or expertise to harm people, agriculture, or other critical resources... The Strategy provides a framework for future United States Government planning efforts that supports the overall National Biodefense Strategy (Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)-10/National Security Presidential Directive-33), and complements existing White House strategies related to biological threat preparedness and response.
The 2007 National Strategy for Homeland Security, which builds directly from the first National Strategy for Homeland Security issued in July 2002, "reflects our increased understanding of the terrorist threats confronting the United States today, incorporates lessons learned from exercises and real-world catastrophes – including Hurricane Katrina – and proposes new initiatives and approaches that will enable the Nation to achieve our homeland security objectives. This Strategy also complements both the National Security Strategy issued in March 2006 and the National Strategy for Combating Terrorism issued in September 2006"