phep base program
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) Program was established by enactment of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002. Its importance was affirmed with the enactment of the Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA) in 2006 and the Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act (PAHPRA) of 2013.
The PHEP program is a critical source of funding, guidance, and technical assistance for state, territorial, and local public health departments. Preparedness activities funded by the PHEP program are targeted specifically for the development of emergency-ready public health departments that are flexible and adaptable. These efforts support the National Response Framework (NRF), which guides how the nation responds to all types of hazards including infectious disease outbreaks; natural disasters; biological, chemical, and radiological incidents; and explosions. The PHEP Program has three components: Base Program, Cities Readiness Initiative Program, and the Level One Lab Program
cities readiness initiative program
The Cities Readiness Initiative (CRI) Program: Designed to enhance preparedness in the nation’s largest cities and metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) where more than 50% of the U.S. population resides. Through CRI, state and metropolitan public health departments have developed plans to respond to a large-scale bioterrorist event by dispensing antibiotics to the entire population of an identified MSA with 48 hours.
level one laboratory program
The Level 1 Chemical Laboratory (Level 1 Lab) Program: Level 1 Lab awardees are eligible to receive funding to support a chemical terrorism laboratory coordinator and technical assistance/training to assist in management of laboratory assets and to properly collect and ship human blood and urine specimens in response to a chemical terrorism incident.
In 2011, to help public health departments with their strategic planning, the CDC identified 15 public health preparedness capabilities to serve as national public health preparedness standards. State and local jurisdictions can use CDC's Public Health Preparedness Capabilities: National Standards for State and Local Planning to better organize their work and identify the capabilities they have the resources to build or sustain. These standards help ensure that federal preparedness funds are directed to priority areas within individual jurisdictions.
Beginning in 2012, the PHEP program is funded via a joint cooperative agreement award and aligned with the Hospital Preparedness Program (HPP). PHEP program guidance assists the 62 PHEP awardees in demonstrating measurable and sustainable progress toward achieving the 15 public health preparedness capabilities and other activities that promote safer and more resilient communities.
Funding for the program is routed through state public health departments via cooperative agreement with a requirement that states provide sub grants to local health departments requiring deliverables consistent with the federal strategy.